Our Heritage

Our Heritage is the best name I can think of at the moment to describe what I want to include in this section. I’ve considered My Journey and A Better Planet as titles. It’s really a collection of topics of things that interest me about the preservation of our heritage and making this world a better place. Methinks Our Heritage doesn’t quite cut it as a title. I’ll wait for the Muses to help me come up with something better.

The internet has created all sorts of wonderful ways of helping us learn about and cherish our heritage. I become particularly excited when I learn about efforts. One of those is the work of William Day who created the web site for Port Maitland’s Main Shore Road Neighbourhood Association as a way for members of that association to keep track of their interests and activities. He then began writing essays about local history. Those in turn evolved into becoming a site of its own—Yarmouth History: Albums and Essays by W. Day. Each month Bill adds a new essay and photo album. It’s well worth taking a look and going back on the first of each month.

Old Stones

Ernie Ellis, buried in Free Will Baptist CemeteryIf you have looked at The Moose Pit Adventure page if you’ve already been introduced to Old Stones, the group that has taken on the restoration and maintenance of three abandoned cemeteries in Beaver River and Port Maitland. The Group began in 1999. I became involved about 2003 and served as its chair on two occasions. While the maintenance of the cemeteries is, and always will be, our first priority, much of my activity has centred on the history of the people buried in them—our “residents.” Under the leadership of Bill Curry, our web master and current chair, I have been able to contribute to our web site. If you have a few minutes, go there, look at the Residents page and read a profile or two. If you’re in the neighbourhood when I’m conducting a tour of one of the cemeteries, come along.

Ten Thousand Villages

Ten Thousand Villages Volunteers 2011Much of my life has been spent working in the fields of international education and development. Consequently think globally act locally has become a mantra for me. I’ve learned that possibly the most effective way we can help build sustainable communities is through the support of small community enterprises and businesses—something that is very much a theme of this web site. The international and local come together beautifully with Ten Thousand Villages. For the past few years I have been the co-chair and volunteer coordinator for the Yarmouth sale which will be held in 2013 on Friday and Saturday, 29 & 30 November at Beacon United Church. We have about 100 volunteers, by all means give me a shout if you would like to join us.

In Focus

In Focus logoFour or five years ago I began as a volunteer at our local EastLink TV studio doing interviews with guests about issues and their lives on a program called In Focus. What a wonderful experience. I have learned so much. The program usually airs on Thursdays at 7 pm except when pre-empted by Yarmouth Town Council meetings. The program is repeated on Sundays at Noon and 1 pm and Tuesday at 7 pm. There are lots and lots as repeats as only about 20 programs are aired live each year.

Chebogue Cemetery

Chebogue CemeteryThe Chebogue Cemetery is the oldest existing cemetery in the Yarmouth area and one of the finest historic cemeteries in Nova Scotia. Probably best known for the Marble Lady sculpture, my fascination is with the burials of the earliest settlers of Yarmouth Township, including some of those who arrived on 9 June 1761—our natal day. I suppose cemeteries are not usually thought of as being places to have fun, but when my friend Judi Archibald and I take on the personas of  Abigail Robbins and Squire John Crawley, two of the residents of the cemetery, and take you on a tour the key word is probably fun.

Chebogue Congregational Church

Chebogue Congregational ChurchThe first church established by the new settlers in Chebogue was the Congregational Church. The present building is the third building of the congregation, the second on the site. The first was just across the street from the Chebogue Cemetery. Take a look at the Nova Scotia Heritage Trust’s Painted Rooms page about the Church. It has some wonderful photographs. During the summer there is often a student working there who would be happy to show you around.

Nova Scotia Colony of Mayflower Descendants

Nova Scotia Colony of Mayflower Descendants 2011

Meeting of the Nova Scotia Colony of Mayflower Descendants
1 October 2011
Yarmouth N.S.

The Yarmouth area has one of the highest concentration of descendants of passengers of the Mayflower which arrived in 1620 in what became the Plymouth Colony in New England. There are residents in Yarmouth County who have been able to trace their ancestry back to as many as 15 families who were on the ship. It is no surprise then that this area has been instrumental in creating and maintaining the Nova Scotia Colony of Mayflower Descendants. Give the web page a look. You may even learn that you too are a descendant. We’re not that exclusive a group. It’s estimated there may be as many as 50 million Mayflower descendants today.

Electing our governments

I believe in the democratic process and respect those who run for office regardless of political party or point of view. As citizens it is our job is to become informed voters—to learn the issues and policy. It doesn’t hurt to know something about our election history either. I hope this this history of our elections will help.

Provincial Elections

Nova Scotia Legislature Chamber

The Chamber of the Nova Scotia Legislature in Halix

The Yarmouth electoral district in the Nova Scotia legislature is made up of the municipality and town of Yarmouth. It has a fascinating history. In the past 15 years we have been represented by Liberal, PC and NDP MLAs. The most recent election was historic with Zach Churchill winning 82% of the vote based on preliminary results. I believe this is the highest majority ever in a Yarmouth constituency and was apparently the highest in Nova Scotia in this election.

I like the new Elections Act which made it so much easier to vote in this election. While the provincial turnout only increased from 58% to 59% it reversed the downward trend of the past few elections. The turnout in the Yarmouth electoral district increased from 56.34% in the previous general election (not the by-election) to 64.2% in this election.

It’s not just enough to understand the issues during the election but to stay tuned to them between elections. Consequently I’ve decided to maintain the links to the websites of each of the provincial parties: Green,  Liberal, NDP and PC.

Based on preliminary returns with 35 of 38 polls reporting here are the results for the most recent election. When the final results are posted by Elections Nova Scotia the numbers will be updated.

Provincial election results

The Nova Scotia Legislature web site has a complete history of the election results for the Yarmouth constituency. Much of what appears below is also on that web page. I have added vote percentages and information about voter turnout when available.

Party abbreviations
AntCon – Anti-Confederate     Atl – Atlantica    Conf – Confederate     Cons – Conservative     Grn – Green     Ind – Independent     Lib – Liberal     LibCons – Liberal Conservative
NDP – New Democratic Party     PC – Progressive Conservative
ProTem – Prohibitionist Temperance

8 October 2013 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,289   Voted: 8,498 (64.2%)
Rejected ballots: 33 (estimate)
Zach Churchill (Lib) 6,975   82.08%
John Cunningham (PC) 1,216   14.3%
Charles Webster (NDP) 224   2.63%
Vanessa Goodwin-Clairmont (Grn) 83   .98%

22 June 2010 By-Election
Eligible voters: 13,361   Voted: 7,917 (59.25%)
Rejected ballots: 50
Zach Churchill (Lib) 3,986   50.67%
majority 1,358
Charles Crosby (PC) 2,628   33.41%
Belle Hatfield (Ind) 673   8.55%
John Deveau (NDP) 513   6.52%
John Percy (Grn) 48   .61%
Jonathan Dean (Atl) 19   .24%

9 June 2009 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,197   Voted: 7,435  (56.34%)
Rejected ballots 38
Richard Hurlburt (PC) 4,537   61.34%
majority 2,841
David Olie (NDP) 1,696   22.93%
David Mooney (Lib) 1,041   14.07%
Ronald Mills (Grn) 123   1.66%

13 June 2006 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,849   Voted: 8,060  (62.73%)
Rejected ballots 20
Richard Hurlburt (PC) 5,170   64.30%
majority 3,503
John Deveau (NDP) 1,667   20.73%
Dolores Atwood (Lib) 1,051   13.07%
Matthew Granger (Grn) 152   1.89%

5 August 2003 General Election
Eligible voters: 11,797   Voted: 8,279  (70.18%)
Rejected ballots 35
Richard Hurlburt (PC) 4,656   56.48%
majority 2,210
Phil DeMille (Lib) 2,446   29.67%
Gillian Rowley (NDP) 1,142   13.85%

27 July 1999 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,465   Voted: 9,292  (74.54%)
Rejected ballots 20
Richard Hurlburt (PC) 3,141   34.02%
majority 62
John Deveau (NDP) 3,079   32.80%
Phil DeMille (Lib) 2,605   28.21%
Brian W Hurlburt (NSP) 409   4.43%

24 March 1998 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,402   Voted: 8,825  (71.16%)
Rejected ballots 53
John Deveau (NDP) 3,931   44.8%
majority 1,302
Alex McIntosh (PC) 2,629   30.0%
Richie Hubbard (Lib) 2,212   25.2%

25 May 1993 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,253   Voted: 9,870  (74.47%)
Rejected ballots 88
Richie Hubbard (Lib) 5,197   52.65%
majority 2,059
Leroy Legere (PC) 3,138   31.79%
Ian McPherson (NDP) 1,447   14.66%

6 September 1988 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,520   Voted: 10,059  (80.34%)
Rejected ballots 74
Leroy Legere
(PC) 4,479   44.53%
majority 341
Fraser Mooney (Lib) 4,138   41.14%
Brian Noble (NDP) 1,368   13.60%

6 November 1984 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,424   Voted: 8,984  (72.31%)
Rejected ballots 34
Alex McIntosh
(PC) 4,400   48.98%
majority 645
Fraser Mooney (Lib) 3,755   41.80%
Brian Doucette (NDP) 795   8.85%

6 October 1981 General Election
Eligible voters: 11,440   Voted: 8,453  (73.89%)
Rejected ballots 62
Fraser Mooney (Lib) 3,868   45.76%
majority 479
Benoit Robichaud (PC) 3,389   40.09%
Hartley Wickens (NDP) 1,134   13.42%

1949 to 1978 the constituency was all of Yarmouth County with 2 MLAs

19 September 1978 General Election
Eligible voters: 16,799   Voted: 13,792  (82.10%)
Rejected ballots 72
Fraser Mooney
(Lib) 7,568   54.87%
majority 3,179
Hugh Tinkham (Lib) 7,339   53.21%
majority 2,950
Dorothy Crosby (PC) 4,389   31.82%
Harold Hanf (PC) 4,122   29.89%
Hartley Wickens (NDP) 1,268   9.19%
Charles Paddock (NDP) 1,190   8,63%

2 April 1974 General Election
Eligible voters: 15,843   Voted: 13,122  (82.83%)
Rejected ballots 186
Fraser Mooney (Lib) 8,098   61.71%
majority 3,798
Hugh Tinkham (Lib) 7,068   53.86%
majority 2,768
George Snow (PC) 4,300   32.77%
Martin Cottreau (PC) 4,029   30.70%
Lawrence Dukeshire (NDP) 637   4.85%
Leslie Babin (NDP) 504   3.84%

13 October 1970 General Election
Eligible voters: 14,524   Voted: 10,701  (77.32%)
Rejected ballots 127
Fraser Mooney (Lib) 5,039   47.09%
majority 110
George Snow (PC) 4,929   46.06%
majority 33
Benoit Robicheau (PC) 4,896   45.75%
Jack Rogers (Lib) 4,592   42.91%

30 May 1967 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,039   Voted: 10,682  (81.92%)
Rejected ballots 89
George Snow (PC) 5,345   49.62%
majority 882
Benoit Robicheau (PC) 5,003   46.45%
majority 540
Fraser Mooney (Lib) 4,463   41.44%
Earle Maberley (Lib) 3,699   34.34%
Willard Allen (Ind) 329   3.05%

8 Oct0ber 1963 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,983   Voted: 10,933  (84.21%)
Rejected ballots 59
George Snow (PC) 5,077   46.44%
majority 358
George Burridge (PC) 4,884   44.67%
majority 165
Willard O’Brien (Lib) 4,719   43.16%
Irving Pink (Lib) 4,345   39.74%
Boyd MacGillivary (NDP) 329   3.27%

7 June 1960 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,492   Voted: 10,674  (85.45%)
Rejected ballots 59
Willard O’Brien (Lib) 5,037   47.19%
majority 459
George Burridge (PC) 4,811   45.07%
majority 233
George Snow (PC) 4,578   42.89%
Eric Spinney (Lib) 4,309   40.37%
Willard Allen (Ind) 650   6.09%

30 October 1956 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,622   Voted: 10,016  (79.35%)
Rejected ballots 46
Willard O’Brien (Lib) 5,438   54.29%
majority 1,431
Eric Spinney (Lib) 4,876   48.68%
majority 869
William Brown (PC) 4,007   40.01%
Raymond Bourque (PC) 3,953   39.47%

26 May 1953 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,005   Voted: 10,095  (77.32%)
Rejected ballots 44
William Brown (PC) 4,859   48.13%
majority 792
Raymond Bourque
(PC) 4,524   44.81%
majority 457
Allan d’Entremont (Lib) 4,067   40.28%
Donald Fraser (Lib) 3,790   37.54%

9 June 1949 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,711   Voted: 10,687  (77.97%)
Rejected ballots 60
William Brown (PC) 5,322   49.80%
majority 571
Donald Fraser
 (Lib) 4,751   44.46%
majority 552
Joseph Pothier (Lib) 4,601   43.05%
Alfred d’Entremont (PC) 4,197   39.27%

From 1933 to 1945 the constituency was all of Yarmouth County with 1 MLA

23 Oct 1945 General Election)
Eligible voters: 13,662   Voted: 9,122  (67.23%)
Rejected ballots 64
Henry Waterman (Lib) 5,000   54.81%
majority 942
Frank Parker Day (PC) 4,058   44.49%

28 Oct 1941 General Election
Eligible voters: 13,079   Voted: 7,271  (55.59%)
Rejected ballots 50
Henry Waterman (Lib) 4,551   62.59%
majority 1,881
Peter Judge (Cons) 2,670   36.72%

29 November 1938 By-election
(following death of Lindsay Gardner, 23 August 1938)
Henry Waterman
(Lib) elected by acclamation

29 June 1937 General Election
Eligible voters: 12,582   Voted: 9,377  (74.53%)
Rejected ballots 117
Lindsay Gardner (Lib) 5,566   59.35%
majority 1,872
Peter Judge (Cons) 3,694   39.39%

22 August 1933 General Election
Eligible voters: 11,975   Voted: 9,512  (79.43%)
Rejected ballots 40
Lindsay Gardner (Lib) 5,826   61.25%
Alvin Chipman (LibCons) 3,646   38.33%

Up to 1933 the constituency was all of Yarmouth County with 2 MLAs

1 October 1928 General Election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Lindsay Gardner (Lib) 5,826
majority 475
Rene Landry
 (Lib) 5,826
majority 350
John Cahan (LibCons) 3,666
Raymond d’Entremont (LibCons) 3,286

25 June 1925 General Election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
John Cahan (LibCons) 3,852
majority 773
Raymond d’Entremont 
(LibCons) 3,415
majority 336
Rene Landry (Lib) 3,079
Lindsay Gardner (Lib) 3,032

27 July 1920 General Election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Howard Corning (LibCons) 3,416 (died 29 Sept 1924)
majority 364
Amédée Melanson 
(Lib) 3,207
majority 155
Ernest Armstrong (Lib) 3,052

20 June 1916 General Election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Ernest Armstrong (Lib) 1,931
majority 195
Henry d’Entremont 
(Lib) 1,839 (died 30 March 1920)
majority 103
Howard Corning (LibCons) 1,736
Joseph d’Eon (LibCons) 1,304

16 August 1911 By-election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Ernest Armstrong (Lib) 1,980
majority 760
J G d’Entremont 
(Lib/Cons) 1220

14 June 1911 General Election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Ernest Armstrong (Lib) 1,665
majority 151
(resigned when appointed Commissioner of Public Works and Mines)
Howard Corning 
(LibCons) 1,583
majority 69
Henry LeBlanc (Lib) 1,514
Joseph d’Entremont (LibCons) 1,180

20 June 1906 General Election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Ernest Armstrong (Lib) 1,586
majority 771
Henry LeBlanc 
(Lib) 1,425
majority 610
A M Perrin (LibCons) 815
R N d’Entremont (LibCons) 812

5 January 1904 By-election
Eligible voters, turnout & rejected ballots not available
Gilbert Sanderson (Lib)
won by acclamation


Our Living Waters

In 2013 I was part of a small group that was interested in promoting  geotourism and citizen driven initiatives for sustainable development in our area which included making it a Sustainable Tourism Destination and a StarLight Reserve and Destination. Things were put on hold in June of that year.

We had a working name of  Our Living Waters, chosen because we are surrounded by water, whether it’s the ocean or the lakes, rivers, streams, brooks and ponds. In many ways our living waters define our community.

We defined our area as Yarmouth Municipality and Town, the old  Yarmouth Township. Our mission (subject to review) was To promote, sustain and enhance the geographical character of our community—its environment, heritage, aesthetics, culture, and the well-being of its residents.

We were citizen driven, that is, our driving force would be members of the community—a bottom up rather than top down approach. We had planned to form a Stewardship Council.

Two goals we discussed were:
1. Developing this area as a destination recognized by the National Geographic Society’s Center for Sustainable Destinations.
2. Having this area designated as a StarLight Reserve and Destination.

Four municipalities (Yarmouth, Argyle, Clare & Yarmouth Town) were approached to sign the Geotourism Charter developed by the Center for Sustainable Destinations. The Yarmouth Municipal Council unanimously supported the concept. On 24 April 2013 Warden Murray Goodwin signed the Yarmouth Municipality Geotourism Charter. Funding proposals were also made to the municipalities. I don’t know their status as of this writing (26 Jan 2014). Here is a link to the presentation made to the Yarmouth Municipal Council.

One of the models we looked at was Bon Temps in Argyle. We explored working with the Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve Association. Our final meeting was 18 June 2013. I hope this initiative might be revived; however, for the moment it seems to be in limbo.

In many ways, Musings was an outcome of the effort as pages such as Local Businesses, Our Heritage and The Moose Pit Adventure have the same principles, albeit on a much smaller scale and limited to a focus on one district in one municipality.

1 Response to Our Heritage

  1. Pingback: All you need to know for this election | Musings

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